Monday, April 6, 2009

Sejarah Bowburn

Tempat mana kita tinggal sepatutnya kita tahu asal-usulnya. Ni asal usul kampung yang aku tinggal sekarang ni. Bowburn Village. Malas nak translate. Baca je la.

Originally a small farming hamlet, named after the shape of the small burn that runs through it, Bowburn's history, like that of many other villages in the region, is linked closely to coal mining. Several coal mines were sunk in the area during the 19th century but extensive development did not begin until an entirely new Bowburn Colliery began to be sunk in 1906. Bowburn therefore celebrated its 100th anniversary on 23 July 2006.

The first “Bowburn Colliery” was a shaft sunk in 1840 but failed to find workable coal.
The second Bowburn Colliery was sunk a few years later, south of there (near Park Hill), being one of several sunk in the Quarrington and Coxhoe areas. It was close to the terminus of the Durham Branch of the Clarence Railway. The pit was a small concern, worked first by Robson and Jackson and then the West Hetton Coal Company. It closed in the 1850s.
The third and most famous Bowburn Colliery was sunk in 1906 by Bell Bros. Ltd., using the 1840 shaft as the ventilation upcast shaft (and, later, for manriding). Its first coal was drawn in 1908. It merged with
Tursdale colliery in 1931 and grew to be one of the largest in the Durham coalfield, working six seams and with about 2950 employees in the 1950s. Meanwhile the village was growing around it. Hardly anything now remains of the colliery complex which closed in July 1967. The colliery yard is now the site of the Bowburn South Industrial Estate.

The day of the annual Durham Miners' Gala (also called "the Big Meeting") used to see large unions of men marching through the village, as Bowburn was en route to Durham for some surrounding pit villages. Local residents have recently, with the help of the Heritage Lottery Fund, had two of Bowburn’s original miners’ banners restored and a new one produced to be paraded at the Gala. By September 2006, two of the restored banners were on display in Bowburn Community Centre, together with the new one (the "Centenary Banner"). This, with another new one designed by Bowburn Junior School pupils, was paraded for the first time at the 2006 Gala. Other events also celebrated the village’s centenary year, including a party and firework display in Bowburn Park, exactly 100 years after Gertrude Bell (as daughter of the Chairman of Bell Brothers) cut the first sod on 23 July 1906 to commence the sinking of the downcast shaft.

1 comment:

harr said...

Salaam Zarina.

I really like yr blog. It is interesting and very funny too (the way u express yr feelings in writing)... Saya dah baca semua post... mula2 baca sikit2 je.. lama2 tak leh stop plak.. dari satu cite ke satu cite... tahniah.. tentu saja sesiapa yg nk further ke uk akan teruja bila membaca blog u.

Nak tanyala.. sewa rumah kat bowburn brape yek sebulan? dan kalau u dont mind, I nk tanya brape hrg kete honda yg u beli tu? bukan apa, insyaAllah my sis nak buat post doc kat uk sana. saje nak cari info utk dia. I dulu grad uk gak... masa degree la... long time ago... mmg rindu sgt kat uk.

Thanks n all da best!